Type 1 and 2 Diabetes

Every year on November 14, the International Diabetes Federation celebrates World Diabetes Day. In 2007, this day became an official United Nations Day with the passage of United Nation Resolution 61/225. The goal of the campaign is to draw attention to diabetes and how important it is for the average person to have a reasonable knowledge of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. During the next five years, the event coordinators plan on emphasizing diabetes education as well as prevention programs.
The International Diabetes Federation is composed of 212 member associations in more than 160 countries and territories. All of them are member states of the United Nations. November 14 is observed because it honors the birthday of Frederick Banting who is known as one of the discoverers of insulin. He actually thought up the original idea which led to the discovery of insulin way back in 1922.
Experts have estimated the number of people with diabetes world-wide has reached around 285 million and because diabetics need to deliver 95% of their own care, learning how to stabilize their insulin and blood sugar levels, ongoing education is necessary.
The International Diabetes Federation estimates that over 344 million people throughout the world are at risk for type 2 diabetes.
The risks for developing type 2 diabetes include:
  • obesity and carrying excess abdominal weight
  • insufficient exercise
  • unhealthy eating habits
  • increased age
  • high blood pressure
  • elevated cholesterol levels
  • a family history of diabetes
  • diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes)
  • ethnic background including Asian, Hispanic, Indigenous people (Australia, US and Canada) and African American

Do you know the warning signs of diabetes?They include:
  • frequent urination including during the night time
  • dry mouth and excessive thirst
  • eating more food but losing weight (type 1 diabetes)
  • feeling hungry soon after eating and weight gain (type 2 diabetes)
  • fatigue and weakness
  • blurred vision
  • frequent infection
  • slow-healing wounds
  • tingling sensation in your hands and feet
  • fuzzy head and lack of ability to concentrate
Do you or someone you love have any of these warning signs of type 1 or type 2 diabetes? If so, do not hesitate to make an appointment to see your healthy care provider so a diagnosis can be made and treatment started. Type 2 diabetes is a condition of lifestyle... following a healthy eating plan and increasing physical activity to thirty minutes a day at least five times a week will help to lower blood sugar levels.As the number of people being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has increased considerably over the past ten years, it pays to be aware how lifestyle affects this condition. Learning about type 2 could help you or someone you love in the near future
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